Abstract : ABSTRACT
Assess the awareness about Amblyopia in North-Western Universities and Colleges academicians of India. This study is conducted to assess the awareness, attitude, and perception of academicians about amblyopia. It is a questionnaire-based qualitative and observational study that was conducted among the academicians’ in the North-western universities and colleges. A structured questionnaire was designed focusing on the academician's demographic data, including general and visual histories and their awareness toward amblyopia, the study was conducted from October 2020 to May 2021. Eye health academicians are excluded from this survey. As most the academicians’ didn’t know about amblyopia i.e. 52% of participants. Only 48% i.e.48 out of 100 academicians knows about amblyopia. Only 53% of participants were aware of the responsible person for the diagnosis of amblyopia. Only 30% of participants about age to get exposed to Amblyopia. And only 9% of academicians along with their children visited Eye care professionals. Amblyopia diagnosed by Optometrist 53%, by Eye Doctor 36%, by family member 2%, by Teacher 0% and no one can 9%. Amblyopia is one of the most common causes of visual impairment around the world which is treatable if detect as early as possible, so awareness is very necessary. Above the age of 16 years, it is very difficult to treat or not treatable. So need of spread the information to make the community more aware about Amblyopia is very important and the school screening and detection of curable and preventable eye problems by Optometrists is also very important.
Keywords: Amblyopia, Anisometropia, Strabismus, Defective Vision, Visual deprivation, Suppression.