Abstract : Aromatherapy is classified as traditional, alternative or complementary therapies and has been steadily gaining popularity in today’s society. The word aromatherapy is used to describe the use of essential oils for aromatic inhalation, compresses and topical application through massage. Volatile and essential oils are extracted from the various parts like flowers, barks, stem, leaves, roots, fruits and other parts of the plant by different techniques. The inhaled aroma from these "essential" oils is widely believed to stimulate brain function. Essential oils can also be absorbed through the skin, where they travel through the bloodstream and can promote whole-body healing. There are a wide number of essential oils available, each with its own healing properties. The present review focus on scenario of aromatherapy, modes of application, mechanism of action, types and health benefits.