Abstract : Passiflora edulis Sims.is a vine species of passion flower that is native to subtropical wild regions of South America, probably originated in Paraguay Brazil and northern Argentina. Pleasantly sweet and tart, passion fruit, also known as granadilla, is brimming with numerous plant derived health benefiting nourishment essentials for the optimum growth 12. The Passion fruit vine is a shallow-rooted, woody, perennial, climbing by means of tendrils. The alternate, evergreen leaves, deeply 3-lobed when mature, are finely toothed, 3 to 8 in (7.5-20 cm) long, deep-green and glossy above, paler and dull beneath, and, like the young stems and tendrils, tinged with red or purple, especially in the yellow form2 It is cultivated commercially in tropical and subtropical areas for its sweet, seedy fruit and is widely grown in several countries of South America , Central America , the Caribbean , Africa , Southern Asia , Vietnam , Israel , Australia , South Korea, and the mainland United States 1. Passion fruit was introduced in Hawaii in 1880 but was first cultivated commercially in Kenya in 1933 and it also rapidly become popular in home based gardens. They are distinguished by the type of fruit they bear, which have different size, colour and taste. The most important are the purple passion fruit, the yellow passion fruit, the sweet granadilla, the giant granadilla, cholupa and the banana passionfruit 11. Passion fruit seeds provide a nice crunch when eaten with the fruit pulp, and they deliver an abundance of nutritional and health benefits ranging from antioxidant protection to the maintenance of healthy cardiovascular and intestinal systems. They are rich in polyphenolic compounds such as piceatannol and scirpusin B, and they deliver plenty of insoluble dietary fiber and magnesium.
Keyword : MCF-7 – Michigan Cancer Foundation-7.,pH- Potential of Hydrogen., UV rays-Ultra Violet rays, gm-gram., µg-microgram., mg-milligram.
Abstract : According to ethanomedical information plant Bixa orellana Linn (Bixaceae), commonly known as “annatto” in English and “Sinduri” in Sanskrit. Annatto is mainly used for its bright red fruit (seedpods) as a natural colour and hence it’s common name “Lipstick tree”.
It has been widely used to treat various ailments such as Gonorrhoea, inflammatory, mosquito repellent, haemostatic, anti-dysentric, diuretic, epilepsy, kidney and some skin diseases. It is commonly used as aphrodisiac medicine. It is also used to treat urinary difficulties and stomach problems. A non toxic- Annatto dye which is obtained from pulp is used for colouring edible materials. The unique red colour to annatto is due to bixin and norbixin, which are Carotenoids.
Present work was carried out to determine its macro morphological, and chemo-micro- morphological profiles. These findings will be useful towards establishing pharmacognostic standards on identification, purity and quality.
Keyword : Bixa orellana Linn, Pharmacognostic evaluation, Physicochemical Analysis.