Abstract : Abnormal uterine bleeding is one of the main gynaecological complaints encountered by the ayurvedic physicians nowadays. It may be defined as any bleeding from the genital tract which is a deviation from the normal in frequency, cycle and quantity . The conditions in which there is abnormal vaginal bleeding occurs is explained under different entities in ayurveda. Some of them are raktayoni, lohitakshaya, asrigdara, nashtartava, artavakshaya etc. Although most of the menstrual disorders are due to vata and pitta , the way in which they vitiate( samprapti) varies. The modern science have clearly given the classification of PALM-COEIN to explain the causes of abnormal uterine bleeding in non gravid women of reproductive age group. A detailed analysis of abnormal uterine bleeding seen in nongravid women explained in ayurvedic classics will be done which will help in diagnosing with samprapti ghatakas and give clear knowledge to samprapti vighatana (cikitsa) of the disease.
Abstract : Menopause is defined as the permanent cessation of menses due to the loss of ovarian follicular activity. It is confirmed by the absence of menstrual periods for 12 consecutive months, without any other obvious pathology. The menopause is characterized by various psychological, somatic, urogenital symptoms which affects the quality of life of the menopausal women. As the life expectancy of women is increasing world-wide so that women had to spend almost 1/3rd of their life in the post-menopausal period. Hence there is a world-wide initiative to reduce the menopausal suffering for that a proper understanding of these symptoms especially the somatic symptoms in terms of Ayurveda is essential. It is observed somato-vegetative symptoms like hot flushes; sleep discomfort, palpitation and joint and muscular discomfort are due to the Vṛddhi of vata associated with pitta and also due to the kṣaya of kapha doṣa’s along with ksheena of Dhātu’s leads to rajonivṛtti janya vyādhi.
Keywords: Menopause, Rajonivṛtti, MRS, somato- vegetative symptoms.